Carbon nanotubes, a new 1D carbon material, were discovered around ten years ago.This new molecular form of carbon exhibits a series of fundamentally new and unexpected physical, mechanical and chemical properties and brought nanotubes into the position of one of the most promising tools in future nanotechnology.
Nanotubes can have implications for the fabrication of molecule-based electronic devices, nanotransistors and memory elements. Due to their extraordinary mechanical properties considerable interest is in the development of carbon composites for applications in automobile and aerospace industry.
Chemical functionalization will provide solubility to the tubes and transform them into processible material. Functionalization of nanotubes becomes an essential prerequisite for potential nanotechnological applications and can be seen as a key to Nanotechnology.